Ashley Couillard, left, and Tonia Timme Cloutier serve glasses of beer at Tributary Brewing in Kittery in this April 2018 Seacoast Online photo. Tributary owner Tod Mott told Kittery Water District officials Monday their planned switch to chloramines as a new drinking water disinfectant, even if temporarily, could force him to install a new $5,000 filter system. Credit: Ioanna Raptis | Portsmouth Herald

KITTERY, Maine — Kittery Water District users expressing concerns Monday over the announcement of chloramines as a new drinking water disinfectant included beer brewers worried about their product, gardeners distressed about potential soil and wildlife impacts, and residents with health issues they say could be exacerbated by the chlorine and ammonia combination.

The informal discussion between water users and Water Superintendent Michael Rogers took place at the Kittery Community Center’s Star Theatre, with upwards of 30 people in attendance to address the public notice issued last week, announcing the Water District, servicing users in Kittery and Eliot, will begin administering chloramines to prepare for the final phase of its water treatment plant renovation, and then continue with it going forward as good emergency preparedness.

Though deemed a safe and effective drinking water disinfectant by the Environmental Protection Agency, and consumed regularly by one in five Americans, chloramines kill household fish, amphibians, and other aquatic creatures, impact production processes at bakeries and breweries, and can’t be used in kidney dialysis machines.

Credit: Rich Beauchesne | Portsmouth Herald

There are also concerns the disinfectant releases lead from old pipes. Chloramines can be filtered out through specialized carbon filters.

Rogers on Monday confidently defended the Water District’s decision to move to chloramines, noting it doesn’t have much of a choice for at least two specific time periods over the next two years. Due to the ongoing water treatment plant project, for one week this year, and three months next year, the Kittery Water District will have to purchase water from the York Water District and the Kennebunk, Kennebunkport and Wells Water District, which both use chloramines. Water incompatibility is not an option, Rogers said, and would result in poor taste, odors and color issues.

The water treatment plant, which had reached the end of its design life, is currently in year two of a $3 million three-year renovation project, and three consecutive months in 2020 will require a complete shutdown of the plant. Rogers called it “the most disruptive phase by far,” one that required planning years in advance. He also emphasized the planned eventual use of chloramines had been publicized in the Water District’s annual reports.

[Subscribe to our free morning newsletter and get the latest headlines in your inbox]

Some water users expressed distrust with the fact the public notice was sent out with just a few weeks in advance. Chloramines are scheduled to go into effect in April.

“This is a hard time for the public to be hearing this information because we don’t get a lot of truth,” said Janet Saurman, of Eliot. “There isn’t anybody from the EPA here, but they would have a hard time being credible, too. It concerns me that we found out about it two weeks before. All that runs through my head is somebody at a meeting said, ‘If we just keep the wraps on this and wait ‘till there’s not a whole lot of time to react, we can get through, frankly, without educating the public.’”

Kittery resident Julia O’Connell said she’d been researching chloramines since the public notice was sent out. For people who are immune-compromised, she said, chloramines can cause additional health issues. She was also concerned about the possibility of a water main break leaking chloramines into a body of water, and potentially harming wildlife.

Credit: Rich Beauchesne | Portsmouth Herald

“When things are gradual, they’re insidious,” O’Connell said. “We might not notice. (With my respiratory problems), do I want to take a five minute shower with chloramine water? Probably not. But do I want to spend thousands of dollars on a home filtration system to clear that out before it gets to my shower?”

Rogers said the Water District has already begun increased testing for lead to prepare for the change, and adjusted pH and phosphate levels accordingly, as recommended by Wright-Pierce engineers.

“I firmly believe we have taken the right approach,” Rogers said, noting the transition to chloramines should be “seamless” and customers likely won’t notice any change.

[District’s switch to new drinking water disinfectant causes concerns among locals]

“What I’m concerned about is how does it change the biology in our body, and also the biology of our soil,” said Kittery resident Jenny Freeman. “For those of us that are gardeners, what is the long-term effect? Watering my garden, am I killing my toads, my salamanders, my snakes? And what am I doing to my own body over time?”

Kittery business owners Tod Mott and Patrick Rowan expressed it was a matter of livelihood for them. Mott, owner of Tributary Brewing, and Rowan, owner of Woodland Farms Brewery, would be uniquely impacted by chloramines. Unfiltered water would result in a plastic-like taste of beer. Both said they are looking at a $5,000 installation of a larger carbon filter system, if the town goes forward with chloramines.

Mott said he’d like to see some tax relief for businesses that have to spend money on alleviating the disinfectant.

[Thirst for craft beer continues across US, Maine]

“It’s not the best situation,” Mott said. “We moved to Kittery because of the water. It’s a bummer. But we have to deal with it because I’m not moving the brewery.”

Rowan said chloramines will have an “immediate effect on our business” and impact his bottom line. He said a batch of beer brewed with unfiltered chloramines would not be drinkable.

“For us, it’s certainly an impactful situation immediately,” he said. “And we’re going to have to implement (filtering) right away. I don’t envy your position, but we’ll certainly do everything we can to try and work with you because you have an antiquated system that needs to be upgraded.”

[Belfast brewery that helped launch craft beer craze goes up for sale]

When reached for comment, co-owner of Beach Pea Baking Tom Roberts said he is hopeful an activated carbon filter will do the trick but, “maybe our bread will be terrible the next day and we’ll know.” Roberts said he was frustrated “they would move this so quickly without a referendum or anything like that,” and with no compensation for impacted business owners.

Christine Bennett, of Eliot, said she has the means to purchase a whole house filter, but “there are thousands of people within this water district who are not in a position right now to safeguard against the chloramines.” She asked if the Water District could potentially facilitate a “group purchase” of water filters.

Water users were generally understanding that chloramines will have to be added to the water during the two planned occasions along the treatment plant project schedule, but many asked if outside of those times, and going forward in the future, the water could remain chloramines-free.

[Kittery brewer debuts new beer to benefit Special Olympics]

“If we take water with chloramines and mix it with the water we have (right now), the two don’t play well together,” Rogers said. “We feel that it’s the best thing to do, to be compatible with our neighbors.” The Kittery Water District produces 1 billion gallons of water per year, and Portsmouth Naval Shipyard gets 42 percent of the water produced daily.

Saurman said a temporary switch “would be easier to understand, I think, than, ‘We’re doing this today and it’s going to be forever.’”

Attendees requested the Water District schedule another public meeting during the evening, so more people could attend.

To close, Rowan asked Rogers, “What do you want us to walk away knowing?”

[Water contamination worries persist in South Berwick]

“We want you to feel confident that the water we’re going to be sending to your homes and businesses is safe to drink,” he said.

Follow BDN Portland on Facebook for the latest news in Greater Portland and southern Maine.