In this June 30, 2023, file photo, Donald Trump arrives to speak at the Moms for Liberty meeting in Philadelphia. Credit: Matt Rourke / AP

The BDN Opinion section operates independently and does not set news policies or contribute to reporting or editing articles elsewhere in the newspaper or on

“The mills of the gods grind slowly, but they grind exceeding fine,” wrote Sextus Empiricus, a skeptic philosopher who lived mainly in Athens and Alexandria almost 2,000 years ago. Justice may be slow to come, but in the end, the wicked will be punished. The mills are turning.

“Justice delayed is justice denied,” British Prime Minister William Gladstone said in 1868. That is certainly true for the many victims of Donald Trump, from the investors in the Atlantic City casinos he deliberately and repeatedly drove into bankruptcy in the 1980s to the 81 million American voters he tried to cheat after the 2020 presidential election.

But the grinding noise in the background has finally stopped. Something like justice is about to catch up with Trump not in New York (34 felony charges for falsifying business records), or in Florida (40 felony counts for hiding classified official documents), or in Washington (4 felony charges of plotting to overturn the U.S. election), but in Georgia.

The “core vote” is enough to guarantee that Trump will get the Republican Party’s nomination for president again, but in the real election 15 months from now, Democrats and independents vote, too. In that race, Trump and Biden are currently running neck and neck.

Given Trump’s enormous self-confidence, that was enough to convince him that he would never spend time in jail — until last week and the Georgia indictments. Only 13 more criminal charges (for a total of 91) — but Georgia is different.

The New York cases are weak, and Trump isn’t worried. If the federal indictments in Washington and Florida haven’t yet gone to trial, he could just order his attorney general to cancel them. If he has been found guilty already, he can use his presidential powers to pardon himself. But there’s nothing he can do about the indictments in Georgia.

Not only can he not pardon himself for any convictions in Georgia (the president can only pardon federal offenses), but convictions are far more likely in the Georgia courts, for several reasons.

One is that in Georgia Trump has been charged under the racketeer influenced and corrupt organizations law, or RICO, which was originally designed to arraign Mafia and other underworld bosses who gave the orders but did not commit the crimes personally. Many states (and the federal government) have RICO laws, but Georgia’s is particularly broad.

Another difference is the fact that 18 other people have been indicted for helping Trump to commit the crimes he is charged with. The list includes Trump’s former lawyers Rudy Giuliani and Sidney Powell, former White House chief of staff Mark Meadows, and John Eastman, the law professor who made up bogus legal theories to justify Trump’s actions.

There are another 14 people included in the indictment, most of them ordinary people who were drawn into Trump’s scheme to overthrow the election outcome in Georgia, and a further 30 named but unindicted co-conspirators.

Finally, the trial will be televised. Normally that would work well for a TV pro like Trump, but he will be very uncomfortable on a stage which he does not control. The spectacle will shrink him in the public’s eyes even if he isn’t found guilty, but he’s more likely to be convicted — and then it gets really interesting.

If there’s a conviction before the election (improbable), then it would probably scuttle Trump’s chances of regaining the presidency, and he would really go to jail once the appeals ran out.

If he was safely in the White House before he was convicted, then there would be a convicted criminal running the country, which was a contingency overlooked by the authors of the Constitution. But it’s doubtful that Georgia could “extradite” him. Civil war? Probably not. Political paralysis? Certainly. For how long, and with what effects? Nobody knows.

Down here in the weeds, speculating about possible futures, it’s easy to forget that all this is due to an actual coup attempt by the outgoing U.S. president. “Let justice be done though the heavens fall,” a Roman lawyer of classical times would have said. I would say that justice must be done so the heavens don’t fall.

Gwynne Dyer is a London-based independent journalist whose commentary is published in 45 countries.