OSLO, Norway — The amount of heat soaked up by the oceans has surged in the past two decades in a sign of worsening global warming despite a slowdown in temperature rises at the Earth’s surface, a U.S. study showed Monday.

The trend of warmer oceans, blamed on human-made emissions of greenhouse gases, is pushing fish stocks towards the poles, damaging coral reefs and nudging up world sea levels because water expands as it heats up.

The report, examining ocean temperatures to depths of more than 6,500 feet, found that “half of the total global ocean heat uptake since 1865 has accumulated since 1997.” The year 1865 is taken as the start of wide use of fossil fuels.

And more than a third of the surge in heat in the oceans since 1997 was at depths exceeding 2,296 feet — a part of the ocean rarely studied, the scientists wrote in the journal Nature Climate Change.

“We expect that the deep ocean will absorb an increasing amount of heat,” lead author Peter Gleckler, of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, told Reuters in an email.

The increase in oceans’ uptake of heat has coincided with a puzzling slowdown in the pace of temperature rises at the Earth’s surface since the late 1990s, even as man-made emissions of heat-trapping gases have kept rising.

That slowdown may now be over with record temperatures in 2015 and 2014.

Understanding ocean heat “is vital to improving projections of how much and how fast the Earth will warm and seas rise in the future,” Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory wrote in a statement. Most of the extra heat from man-made global warming ends up in the oceans.

The scientists said it was hard to judge the role of ocean heat in what the United Nations panel of climate scientists calls a “hiatus” in surface warming, which had heartened those who doubt big man-made impact on the climate.

“The ‘hiatus’ is a surface phenomenon. The Earth is still warming, and the oceans have been taking up the bulk of that heat,” Matt Palmer, a climate scientist at the British Met Office Hadley Centre who was not involved in the study, wrote in a statement.

John Shepherd of the University of Southampton said it was unclear if the extra heat absorbed by the oceans would return to the atmosphere or stay in the depths.

“It’s certainly not a cure for climate change, nor any reason to be less concerned with it,” he said in a statement on ocean warming.

Last month, almost 200 governments agreed a deal in Paris meant as a turning point from fossil fuels, blamed for causing more heat waves, downpours and rising sea levels.